The Mining Inspectorate issues permits for mineral exploration (exploration permits) and mines (exploitation concessions). The Inspectorate also carries out inspections of mines and provides information on mineral legislation and prospecting in Sweden.

The Mining Inspectorate is headed by the Chief Mining Inspector who decides on matters falling under the Minerals Act (1991:45).

The Mining Inspectorate is part of the Geological Survey of Sweden (SGU), the agency for issues relating to bedrock, soil and groundwater in Sweden.

The Mining Inspectorate was established as a state authority in 1637.