The content of BetterGeo
Rock types formed when magma or lava from different levels of the Earth’s crust cool and crystallize.
Granite is placed in sustained masses with various sizes and at various depths below ground. You can find granite in mountains, e.g. underlying other rock types. Granite is often abundant near gneiss and is found in the continental crust (the continental crust is present on land and can continue under the oceans). Caves can be found in granite.
Function: Building block, is one of the sources of cordierite and feldspar.
Gabbro is mostly found in the oceanic crust under the sea, but can be found in some environments on continental crust. Gabbro is found under layers of sedimentary rocks, granite and gneiss. You can also find blocks of gabbro with titanium and copper.
Function: Building block, resources like copper and titanium can be found in gabbro (gabbro with copper is one of the new blocks that replace the former block red stone ore).
Gabbro Gabbro with titanium Gabbro with copper
Basalt is found in the oceanic crust under the sea, either as a smooth layer directly under the oceans or with gabbro on top. Copper can be found in basalt (which partly replaces the former block of red stone ore).
Obsidian is formed where water is poured onto lava. This can occur either naturally or if you pour water on top of a lava source. We have altered the hardness from 50 to 9.
Function: Building block
Pumice is formed where lava is poured onto water. This can occur naturally or if you pour lava onto a water source. In reality pumice floats on the water surface and of course it does in this mod too. So be careful if you use pumice as a building block.
Function: Building block
Rock types that are formed from the magma of remelted rocks that have been subject to high pressure and/or high temperature environments and therefore been recrystallized.
Gneiss (the metamorphic equivalent of granite) is placed in sustained masses with various sizes and various depths. You can find gneiss in the continental crust and in mountains, often close to granite sequences and with other rock types above. You can also find gneiss under the oceans (the continental crust continues from land and out under the ocean). Caves can be found in gneiss.
Function: Building block, is one of the sources of cordierite.
Block of gneiss
Skarn can be found at deeper depths in the crust and is often seen as the contact surface between limestone, marble and granite. Skarn is one of the new iron and copper ores, and replace the former blocks of iron ore and red stone ore.
Function: Building block. Skarn is one of the bigger sources of metals in the mod (e.g. iron, tungsten and copper).
Block of skarn
Marble (the metamorphic equivalent of limestone) is found adjacent to banded iron formations (BIFs), other metamorphic rocks (e.g. schist) or by itself in big masses underground. It can also be found in the contact zones where skarn is present. You will be able to extract zinc from marble since it contains sphalerite (a zinc-bearing mineral).
Function: Building block, source of sphalerite.
Block of marble
Schist (the metamorphic equivalent of shale) is placed deep down in the continental crust along with other metamorphic rocks.
Function: Building block
Block of schist
Rock types that are formed in low-temperature and low-pressure environments through the compaction and solidification or precipitation (cementation) of sediments, rock fragments and minerals that have been transported and deposited on the surface of the Earth.
Shale occurs in horizontal layers in mountains and below ground above metamorphic and igneous rock types, together with limestone or sandstone in a “Grand Canyon inspired” stratigraphy.
Function: Building block
Block of shale
Sandstone occurs in horizontal layers of mountains and below ground above metamorphic and igneous rock types, together with limestone or shale in a “Grand Canyon inspired” stratigraphy. Sandstone already exists in Vanilla, but we have added coal to some sandstone blocks and hence it is now a new source of coal (replacing the former coal ore blocks). We have also given the sandstone blocks a new color.
Function: Building block, source of coal.
Block of sandstone Block of sandstone with coal
Limestone occurs in horizontal layers of mountains and below ground above metamorphic and igneous rock types, together with shale or sandstone in a “Grand Canyon inspired” stratigraphy. Limestone is like sandstone one of the new coal ores and replaces the former coal ore blocks.
Function: Building block, source of coal.
Block of limestone Block of limestone with coal
Banded Iron Formation (BIF) is found in masses or single blocks next to other sedimentary rocks like shale, limestone and sandstone, but also near marble. Banded iron formations are one of the new iron ores and replace the former iron ore blocks from Vanilla. By mining banded iron formations you will get iron – an important resource for some of the new recipes! You will be able to track iron by using the magnetic compass. The compass will react when you are less than 20 blocks away from an iron source.
Function: Building block, source of iron.
Block of banded iron
Veins and pipes
Veins and pipes are formed when magma intrudes lateral and vertical fracture zones and other weak points in the host rock. This can happen near spreading zones between tectonic plates, rift systems etc.
Veins and pipes are exciting geological features in this mod! They are visible from the ground level by the soil surface. They vary in length, width and direction and do not occur in oceanic crust under the sea (in reality they can but we have simplified it in this mod so you can only find them in the continental crust on land).
Diabase is an intrusive rock type pictured as veins in this mod.
Function: Building block.
Block of diabase
Pegmatite is an intrusive rock type pictured as veins in this mod. Blocks of pegmatite can weather after some time.
Function: Building block and contains several resources: garnet, aquamarine, tantalum, tourmaline, emerald, feldspar, tin and lithium.
Block of pegmatite
Quartz is a common mineral in reality as well as in this mod. Quartz is found in veins, sometimes bearing gold or gold and silver together. The former gold ore block is replaced by quartz with gold in this mod.
Function: Building block, source of gold and silver.
Block of quartz Block of quartz with gold Block of quartz with silver
Kimberlite is an igneous rock type that is placed in pipes in this mod. Some of the kimberlite pipes contain diamonds. The former diamond ore block is replaced with blocks of kimberlite with diamonds in this mod.
Function: Building block and source of diamonds.
Block of kimberlite Block of kimberlite with diamonds
Gemstones are rock types, minerals, pearls, corals or amber which after certain treatment (e.g. splitting or polishing) become attractive and are often kept as personal possessions.
Except diamonds and emeralds that you already get in Vanilla, there are several new gemstones in this mod. By putting nine pieces of the same gemstone together in the crafting table you will get a block.
Function: Colorful building blocks, decoration and as part in some of the recipes.
Emerald is a green mineral that is found in pegmatite veins as a gemstone. The former block emerald ore is no longer present in this mod.
Emerald Block with emeralds
Diamond is a mineral that is found in kimberlite pipes but can also be mined in placer deposits in the sand near rivers. The former block diamond ore is no longer present in this mod, it has been replaced by kimberlite blocks with diamonds.
Diamond Block with diamonds
Garnet is a mineral that will be found in pegmatite blocks.
Garnet Block with garnets
Topaz is a mineral will be found in pegmatite blocks.
Topaz Block with topazes
Cordierite is a mineral that will be found in granite and gneiss.
Cordierite Block with cordierites
Aquamarine is a blue mineral that will be found in pegmatite blocks.
Aquamarine Block with aquamarines
Tourmaline is a mineral that will be found in pegmatite blocks.
Tourmaline Block with tourmalines
Metals and other resources
Metals and other resources like minerals, rock types and elements are found in the soil or bedrock in different environments. We extract them and produce several products that we need in our everyday life. We have introduced a lot of metals and other resources in this mod since they play such a big part in our society. We want to emphasize this and make you aware of wherefrom these resources originate.
Iron (Fe) is a base metal that can be found in skarn and banded iron formations (BIFs), and these blocks replace the former iron ore block. Iron can be tracked by using the magnetic compass.
Functions: Iron will be used in recipes for e.g. steel, prospector’s pan and batteries with lithium.
Copper (Cu) is a base metal that is found in blocks of skarn, basalt and gabbro which are new copper ore blocks and replace the former block red stone ore. You will be able to track copper since the flower Viscaria can be used as an indicator of copper deposits in the nearby ground.
Function: Copper will be used in alloys, the magnetic compass, the monster warning system and the battery charger.
Copper ore In gabbro (BILD SAKNAS) Copper ingot Viscaria flower
Gold (Au) is a precious metal that can be found in quartz veins or by placer mining in sand.
Nugget Gold ingot
Tantalum (Ta) is a transition metal that can be found in pegmatite veins.
Function: Is used in the recipe for making the heart starter.
Tantalum Block of tantal Tantal ingot
Titanium (Ti) is a transition metal that can be found in gabbro.
Function: In recipes for heart-starter and jet pack.
Titanium in gabbro Titanium ignot
Silver (Ag) is a precious metal that can be found in quartz veins where gold also is present.
Silver Silver ignot
Tungsten (W) is a transition metal that can be found in skarn.
Function: Is used in the process for making steel.
Tungsten Tungsten ignot
Lithium (Li) is an alkali metal that can be found in pegmatite veins.
Function: Lithium can be widely used in the mod since the batteries are made of lithium. The batteries will be used in the heart starter, jet pack and monster warning system.
Litium Litium ignot
Tin (Sn) is a metal that can be found in pegmatite veins.
Function: Is part of the recipe for brass alloys.
Tin Tin ignot
Sphalerite is a mineral that contains zinc and can be found in blocks of marble.
Function: Is used for making brass alloys.
Sphalerite Sphalerite ignot
Feldspar is a mineral that occurs as a resource in pegmatite.
Function: Is used as a building block for the melting furnace.
Feldspar Block of feldspar
Bauxite is an aluminium rich soil type formed in tropical environments as a result of the subsequent chemical weathering of underlying parent rocks. Bauxite in this mod is placed in big and sustained masses above granite and adjacent to or surrounded by limestone, shale or gneiss in tropical environments. Bauxite is one of the larger sources of aluminium both in reality and in this mod.
Function: Source of aluminium, which will be used for making the jet pack.
Block of bauxite
Aluminium (Al) is a base metal that can be found in bauxite.
Function: Is part of the recipe for the jet pack.
Rare Earth Minerals
Rare Earth Elements (REEs) are elements that are found in small concentrations in the Earth’s crust. In reality the REEs are represented by 17 different elements. In the mod we have introduced six different REEs, but we have not given them their individual names. Instead, as a simplification, we call all of them as a group for REE and they are represented by different colors. In the mod the REEs can be found in skarn deep down in the crust and between different biomes (defined environments) where skarn is present.
Function: REEs are used in recipes for heart starter and battery charger.
Rare Earth Minerals Rare Earth Minerals ignots
Coal (C) is one of the elements in Vanilla that could be found in coal ores, but in this mod coal is found in limestone and sandstone, like in reality.
Coal Block of coal Limestone and coal
Sandstone and coal Charcoal
Are grains and fragments of gems and metals that have been transported from the source of origin (usually by streaming water) and deposited by gravity separation through sedimentation. These can be found in sand and streaming water near the original source. It can be mined by placer mining where you use a prospector’s pan.
Placer deposits in this mod will contain gold and diamonds and can be found in sand near rivers.